Though the most notable Mughal architecture in India is the Taj Mahal the Mughals have a long history of building strong fortresses of red sandstone that bore proof of their power and love for architecture.
- In the midst of invasion and fortification of the victor Mughals, the Agra fort was built. It is also known as the Agre ka Lal –Qila, ‘Fort Rouge’ or ‘Qila-i-Akbari’.
- It was constructed as a show of the Mughal might and resilience. Today, it stands as the pride of the former Mughal Capital Agra.
- Constructed by Raja Shri Maan Singh JI Saheb a trusted general of Emperor Akbar and one of the designated Navratnas (Nine gems) of Akbar’s royal court. Its construction began in the year 1592.
- Like most Moghul forts this fort also has the public and private halls- the Diwan-e-Aam and Diwan-e-Khas respectively. The public hall was where Emperor Akbar listened to the grievances of his subjects. In the private hall, he held meetings with the ministers, special guests, and friends.
- The most integral part of the Amber fort is the Mirror Palace better known as the Sheesh Mahal. The famous Bollywood song ‘Jab Pyaar Kiya to Darna kya’ from the film Mughal-e-Azam was shot in this very palace, of course with a lot of special permissions and time constraints.
- When the capital of the Mughal empire was shifted to Agra by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 he laid the foundation of the Red Fort.
- The Red fort was better in every way from the Agra fort as it’s plan was pre-conceived based on the mistakes and destitutions faced by Shah Jahan in the Agra fort.
The trip to north India warrants a visit to all three forts. They entry fee is reasonable for all and there are special discounts for students and children. India has a rich collection of Forts and monuments. Every single of the architecture represents a special part of history that and has been important for the country. Every wall, door, brick has its significance that one may understand only when he/she visits the place personally. This a rich and royal heritage collection of pride and honour has been something Indians boast about, but there is very little that is done by the Government of India and its citizens to preserve them. While there are a few organizations that have kick started drives to attack the issue but without proper promotion and backing even these fail to some extent.